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Merthyr Tydfil County Borough Council

Direct link to action plan (PDF)

… sandstone have been, and continue to be, quarried within the area. Past industrial activity, particularly the 19th century iron industry has left the County Borough with a rich built and landscape heritage. Many of these areas have become naturally colonised with vegetation and now form important wildlife habitats. Coal tips are proving particularly important for their lichen-heath communities…

… in which heathland grows amongst mats of Cladonia (cup lichen). Some of the best examples of lichen-heath in Wales occur on old coal spoil tips in the County Borough. Research has confirmed how important these tips are for science in the fields of climate change, geology, evolution and as invertebrate habitat. A 2019 publication through the Colliery Spoil Biodiversity Initiative (Invertebrate…

… conservation value of colliery spoil habitats in South Wales) highlights the importance of colliery spoil sites to invertebrate conservation. Survey work on five such tips within the County Borough has recorded 85 bee species (including scarce and rare species); this equates to half the known Welsh bee fauna and a third of the UK bee fauna. Inland rock The geology of Merthyr Tydfil is one…


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